Lobt Gott den Herrn, ihr Heiden all was composed by Melchior Vulpius (c1570 – 1615) who also wrote Es ist ein Ros entsprungen, amongst several other chorale melodies that are still in use. Vulpius came from a poor craftsman’s family. He studied at the local school in Wasungen (Thuringia). From 1588, he attended the school in Speyer. After marrying in 1589, he obtained a position at the Gymnasium in Schleusingen. In 1596, he was named cantor in Weimar.