Written by George J. Elvey for the text “Crown Him with Many Crowns” by Matthew Bridges, DIADEMATA was first published in the 1868 Appendix to Hymns Ancient and Modern. The name of the tune is derived from the Greek word for “crowns.” While occasionally used for other texts, the melody retains a close association with the original lyrics.
The tune ENGELBERG was composed by Charles V. Stanford as a setting of the text “For All the Saints” by William W. How. The melody was published in the 1904 edition of Hymns Ancient and Modern with multiple musical settings. The melody is now most often associated with the lyrics “When in Our Music God Is Glorified” written by Fred Pratt Green.
The tune NICAEA is named after the Council of Nicaea (A.D. 325) at which church leaders began to formulate the doctrine of the Trinity to oppose the heresies of Arius. The melody was composed by John B. Dykes for Reginald Heber’s text “Holy, Holy, Holy!” The two were first published together in Hymns Ancient and Modern (1861), and have been virtually inseparable ever since.
ST. ANNE was probably composed by William Croft when he was organist at St. Anne’s Church in Soho, London, England. The tune was first published in A Supplement to the New Version (1708) as a setting for Psalm 42. ST. ANNE became a setting for “O God, Our Help in Ages Past” in Hymns Ancient and Modern (1861), and the two have been linked ever since. The tune shares its first melodic motif with a number of other tunes from the early eighteenth century, most notably Bach’s great fugue in E-flat, nicknamed “St. Anne” because of the similarity of the first fugue subject to this tune.
Composed by Samuel S. Wesley, AURELIA (meaning “golden”) was published as a setting for “Jerusalem the Golden” in Selection of Psalms and Hymns, which was compiled by Charles Kemble and Wesley in 1864. Though opinions vary concerning the tune’s merits (Henry J. Gauntlett once condemned it as “secular twaddle”), it has been firmly associated with Samuel John Stone’s text “The Church’s One Foundation” since tune and text first appeared together in the 1868 edition of Hymns Ancient and Modern.
See a list of other popular hymn and chorale themes here.